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Sickle Cell Anemia Control Program

Indu Sickle Cell Anemia Program is a Project launched by Government of Gujarat to screen the Sickle Cell Anemia Patients in the Rural Area of the Whole State of Gujarat. The project is launched with the aim to screen, identify and treat sickle cell patients and there by irradicate after few years.

They officials have identified few NGOs to work for the same in the different areas. We are privileged to be a part of the total activity. The trust has been allotted to screen in the area of Chhotaudepur and Kavant Taluka of Vadodara District and Panchmahal District also. The project is to be continued for three years and expected population to screen is about 5-10 lacks. Once the first phase of screening is done all those who are found to be positive are asked for the another screening by taking their blood sample. This is then sent to main lab identified by the Government and if found positive and enrolled for further treatment. The data of all the subjects are kept in designed format to make it easy for further procedure. As it is a genetic disease it spread from generation to generation. So the efforts would surely help us to irradicate the disease after few years in the local population.

The term sickle cell disease (SCD) describes a group of inherited red blood cell disorders. People with SCD have abnormal hemoglobin, called hemoglobin S or sickle hemoglobin, in their red blood cells.Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body.“Inherited” means that the disease is passed by genes from parents to their children. SCD is not contagious. A person cannot catch it, like a cold or infection, from someone else. Red blood cells that contain normal hemoglobin are disc shaped (like a doughnut without a hole). This shape allows the cells to be flexible so that they can move through large and small blood vessels to deliver oxygen.Sickle hemoglobin is not like normal hemoglobin. It can form stiff rods within the red cell, changing it into a crescent, or sickle shape.

Sickle-shaped cells are not flexible and can stick to vessel walls, causing a blockage that slows or stops the flow of blood. When this happens, oxygen can’t reach nearby tissues.

Sickle Cell Anemia